Mesothelium pleural cancer is a type of cancer that affects the mesothelium, which is a thin layer of tissue that lines the chest cavity. This type of cancer is most commonly found in the pleura, a thin membrane that covers the lungs and lines the inner wall of the chest cavity. It is a rare form of cancer, with only about 4,000 cases per year in the United States.
Mesothelium pleural cancer is caused by long-term exposure to asbestos, a mineral that has been used in building materials, insulation, and other products for decades. Asbestos fibers can become airborne and be breathed in, leading to the development of this cancer. Other risk factors include age, gender, smoking, and family history.
Symptoms of mesothelium pleural cancer may include chest pain, shortness of breath, difficulty swallowing, coughing up blood, and weight loss. Diagnosis is typically confirmed through imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRI scans.
Treatment for mesothelium pleural cancer typically includes surgery to remove the affected tissue. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may also be used to kill cancer cells. In some cases, the cancer may be treated with a combination of treatments.
Although mesothelium pleural cancer is a rare form of cancer, it is important to be aware of the risk factors and symptoms associated with this disease. If you have been exposed to asbestos or have any of the symptoms listed, it is important to see your doctor for a diagnosis. Early diagnosis and treatment are key to helping improve your prognosis and increasing your chances of successful treatment.