Sarcomatoid mesothelioma is a rare, aggressive form of cancer caused by exposure to asbestos. It affects the mesothelium, the thin layer of tissue that lines the lungs, heart, abdomen, and other organs. Sarcomatoid mesothelioma is one of three main types of mesothelioma, and it is particularly difficult to diagnose and treat.
Sarcomatoid mesothelioma is caused by the inhalation of asbestos fibers. Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral fiber that has been used in many products over the years, such as insulation and cement. Asbestos fibers are extremely small and sharp, and when inhaled, they can lodge in the mesothelium and cause inflammation and scarring. Over time, this inflammation and scarring can lead to the development of tumors.
Sarcomatoid mesothelioma is often difficult to diagnose, as its symptoms can be similar to those of other, less serious conditions. Symptoms may include chest pain, shortness of breath, and a persistent cough. If left untreated, sarcomatoid mesothelioma can spread to other parts of the body and become very difficult to treat.
The most effective treatment for sarcomatoid mesothelioma is surgery. Surgery can remove tumors or affected tissue, and may also be used to reduce the size of tumors. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may also be used to shrink tumors and slow the progression of the disease.
Unfortunately, sarcomatoid mesothelioma is a very aggressive disease and is often difficult to treat. The five-year survival rate for those diagnosed with sarcomatoid mesothelioma is less than 10%, and the average life expectancy is around four months.
It is important to take precautions to avoid exposure to asbestos, as it is the only known cause of mesothelioma. If you have been exposed to asbestos in the past, it is important to speak with your doctor about monitoring your health and being aware of any potential symptoms. Early detection and treatment can greatly improve your chances of survival.