Pleural mesothelioma is an aggressive and deadly form of cancer that affects the thin layer of cells lining the chest cavity, known as the pleura. Asbestos is the main cause of the disease, and exposure to asbestos fibers is the primary risk factor for developing the disease. However, there are other risk factors that have been identified, and medical researchers are actively investigating these risk factors in order to develop better treatments for this deadly disease.
The most well-known risk factor for pleural mesothelioma is exposure to asbestos. Asbestos fibers can be inhaled or ingested, and the fibers enter the body and lodge in the pleura. Over time, the fibers can cause the cells to mutate and become cancerous. Asbestos was widely used in the past, and those who worked in certain industries, such as construction, shipbuilding, and automotive, were exposed to the fibers through their work.
In addition to asbestos exposure, other risk factors for pleural mesothelioma have been identified. These include genetics, smoking, previous radiation therapy, and exposure to other environmental toxins. Genetics can play a role in determining a person’s susceptibility to pleural mesothelioma. While smoking does not directly cause the disease, it does significantly increase the risk of developing it. Previous radiation therapy to the chest can also increase the risk of developing pleural mesothelioma. Lastly, exposure to other environmental toxins, such as certain pesticides or solvents, can increase the risk of developing pleural mesothelioma.
Medical researchers are actively investigating these risk factors in order to develop better treatments and prevention methods for pleural mesothelioma. Researchers are studying the genetics of those with the disease in order to gain a better understanding of how the disease develops and which individuals are at higher risk. Additionally, researchers are investigating the effects of smoking and radiation therapy on the risk of developing pleural mesothelioma. Finally, researchers are looking at the effects of other environmental toxins on the risk of developing the disease.
Ultimately, understanding the risk factors for pleural mesothelioma is essential in order to develop better treatments and prevention methods. As medical researchers continue to investigate these risk factors, they may be able to develop more effective treatments and prevention methods for this deadly disease.