Yes, surgery can be an option for treating mesothelioma, especially in cases where the cancer is diagnosed in its early stages and is localized. However, the feasibility of surgery depends on various factors, including the stage of the cancer, the location and size of the tumor, as well as the overall health and fitness of the patient.
Surgical options for mesothelioma may include:
- Pleurectomy/Decortication (P/D): This surgery involves the removal of the pleura (the lining around the lungs) affected by mesothelioma. The goal is to remove as much of the cancerous tissue as possible while sparing the lung.
- Extrapleural Pneumonectomy (EPP): EPP is a more extensive surgery that involves removing the affected lung, part of the diaphragm, the lining of the heart, and the pleura. This procedure is more aggressive and is generally considered for cases where the cancer has spread to nearby structures and organs.
- Cytoreductive Surgery with HIPEC (Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy): This is a treatment option for peritoneal mesothelioma. It involves surgical removal of visible tumors in the abdominal cavity followed by heated chemotherapy directly administered into the abdomen to kill any remaining cancer cells.
Surgery for mesothelioma is often combined with other treatments like chemotherapy or radiation therapy to improve the effectiveness of the treatment and reduce the risk of cancer recurrence.
However, it’s important to note that not all mesothelioma patients are suitable candidates for surgery. Factors such as the stage of the cancer, the spread of the disease, and the individual’s overall health play crucial roles in determining the appropriate treatment plan. It’s advisable for patients diagnosed with mesothelioma to consult with a multidisciplinary team of specialists, including oncologists and surgeons, to explore the best treatment options tailored to their specific situation.