Mesothelioma is a rare and aggressive cancer that affects the thin membrane that lines the body’s internal organs, known as the mesothelium. It is a type of cancer that is caused by exposure to asbestos, a mineral fiber found in rocks and soil. Asbestos is used in a variety of products, from construction materials to insulation. People who are exposed to asbestos can develop mesothelioma, which is a fatal illness.
The primary cause of mesothelioma is exposure to asbestos, however, other factors can increase the risk of developing the disease. These include smoking, radiation exposure, certain viral infections, genetic predisposition, and family history.
The most common symptoms of mesothelioma include shortness of breath, chest pain, coughing, and weight loss. Other symptoms can include fatigue, fever, night sweats, and difficulty swallowing. Diagnosis of mesothelioma is made through physical examination, chest X-rays, CT scans, and biopsies.
Unfortunately, there is no known cure for mesothelioma. Treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and immunotherapy. The goal of treatment is to reduce symptoms and prolong life. The best way to prevent mesothelioma is to avoid exposure to asbestos.
It is important to understand the causes, symptoms, and prevention of mesothelioma. People who are exposed to asbestos should take proper precautions to protect themselves. If you think you may have been exposed to asbestos, it is important to seek medical help as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve outcomes and quality of life.